Odessa Art Museum

Odessa Art Museum (OAM)

Odessa Art Museum

Odessa Art Museum is located in the building of the Countess's Countess Narishkina Olga Stanislavovna, whose construction lasted from 1824 to 1828. an unknown architect, but after being inspected by F.K. Boffo, who applied his skillful hand to the construction of the most famous buildings and structures of Odessa.

But already in 1888, the palace was bought by the head of Odessa at the time G.G. Marazli, who gives the palace a building to the city in order to build a museum of "Fine Arts" in it - which later became known as the Odessa Art Museum.

The museum replaced more than ten names before becoming "Odessa Artistic":

1899 City Museum of Fine Arts
1919 The First State Picture Gallery
1923 Third People's Museum of Art
1925 The People's Art Museum
1928 Odessa National Art Museum
1929 The National Art Museum
1938 Museum of Russian and Ukrainian Art. I.I. Brodsky
1944 The Art Picture Gallery
1947 The Picture Gallery
1950 Odessa State Picture Gallery
1966 Odessa Art Museum

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On October 24, 1899, the Odessa Art Museum opened its doors to visitors.

The building of the palace of the Odessa Art Museum is one of the most beautiful sights of Odessa. The symmetrical facade of the two-story building, supported by six columns, with the same single-story buildings on both sides and arcuate galleries connecting this all splendor into one composition, embodies the best of Russian classicism of the 19th century.

Grotto of the Odessa Art Museum

All the buildings of Odessa at the time of their construction, were built from stone, mined directly on the site, so most buildings in Odessa have underground "cellars" - the so-called "mines" (video - more about the formation of the Odessa catacombs), building of the Odessa Art Museum also has underground voids, from which the grotto and other underground galleries of the museum were created.

The grotto of the Odessa Art Museum is the only grotto under the palaces of Odessa, accessible to visitors.

The grotto, created artificially, but thought out to trifles, as if a spontaneously formed tunnel, stretches its gigantic belly under the foundation of the Odessa Art Museum. Decorative surface of the walls with untreated stone, semicircular arches and a natural heap of stones combine architecture and nature, light and shadow.

And in the center of the grotto on the rock there sits an owl - as if personifying secret knowledge...

In the sixties, experts with the help of historical documents managed to restore the grotto, which allowed him to safely attend.

 
Expositions of the Odessa Art Museum

The icon room

Icon - the work is anonymous. Performed by a talented master, she has an exquisite coloring, harmony, full of expressiveness and charm. And even with the same clearly defined plot, there are no two identical, and this is their main value, significance and charm.

The inspiration of Ukrainian icon painters throughout the centuries was the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra. The borders of Ukraine in ancient times were open to the East and the West, that is why the Ukrainian icon united Orthodox and Catholic, Renaissance and Baroque trends. The main feature of the Ukrainian icon is the connection with folk culture. This is a major multi-color ("St. Yuri Zmieborets", XIX century), rushnyk and kilim ornamentation, the approach of iconographic types to national, folk.

The Odessa Art Museum notes:

Life icons are a favorite genre. In the midship there is an image of a saint, in the hallmarks of a scene from his life ("St. Barbara with Life", XIX century).

The rarest version of the icon of St. Nicholas, Bishop of Myra is the "Nicola Zaraysky" (XVI century).

Iconographic type "Sign" (Ukrainian icon end of the XVIII - early XIX century) is associated with the theme of the Incarnation.

The image of Christ, called "The Savior in Power" (XVI century) is the castle stone of the most complicated design of the iconostasis (Deesis Tomb).

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Marinists

The exposition of the Museum presents widely the work of the outstanding seascape Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky. 15 exposition paintings reflect different periods of the master's work, which covers almost the entire 19th century. The only inexhaustible source of inspiration in all its endless variety is the sea. The majestic peace of the Sea View with the Praying Monk (1843), the birth of the early summer Morning (1851), the poetic charm of nights in the Crimea, The Bathing of Sheep (1878) - all imbued with a romantic-worried perception of the beauty of the sea.

The Odessa Art Museum notes:

Painting Aivazovsky - "Pushkin on the Black Sea coast" and "Night in the Crimea" enjoy the special interest of visitors.

And also the work of Alexei Petrovich Bogolyubov, Lev Feliksovich Lagorio, Rufim Gavrilovich Sudkovsky who also devoted much effort to the development of the Russian art school of marine painting, creating beautiful poetic landscapes.

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PoSRA

In the permanent exposition of the museum three rooms are dedicated to the works of the artists of the Association of South Russian Artists (PoSRA), which was created in Odessa in 1890 on the initiative of a group of Odessa artists. Until 1919, every autumn opened regular periodic exhibitions, which exhibited the work of artists belonging to the core of the Partnership: K. Kostandi, E. Bukovetsky, P. Nilus, N. Kuznetsov, A. Popov, P. Gansky, G. Golovkov, T. Dvornikova, B. Eduards. At these exhibitions also showed their works by artists I. Aivazovsky, I. Levitan, L. Pasternak, N. Pimonenko, I. Pohitonov, I. Repin, V. Serov and many others.

The association of South Russian artists in Odessa became the center of the artistic and cultural life of the South of Ukraine of this time. This included artists who were close in creativity and in spirit, united by a sense of friendship and mutual sympathy. Next to the older generation appeared new names of young and talented artists

The Odessa Art Museum notes:

Almost all Odessa artists of periodical exhibitions were pupils of the Odessa drawing school (since 1900 - art school), which for many years, more than 30 years, taught wonderful artists and pedagogues K.K. Kostandi, G.A. Ladyzhensky, A.A. Popov.

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Art of the 20th century.

Modern Art

In the halls of the second floor of the Odessa Art Museum there is a collection of the department of contemporary art, which was opened in 1939. Most of the exposition is devoted to Soviet art and gives an idea of ​​the main stages of the formation of the method of socialist realism. The revolution of 1917 brought decisive changes in the fate of Russian art.

The Odessa Art Museum notes:

The exhibition includes works by contemporary artists whose work is no longer limited to ideological frameworks. The last hall of the department of contemporary art is the most mobile, in its exposition more and more works of the 1990- 2000s are being introduced.

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Art of the 17th-19th c.

The famous artist of historical, portrait and genre painting Karl Pavlovich Bryullov is represented by a small sketch "Prayer for the Cup". Following the great Bryullov, observing the academic canons, artists Pyotr Mikhailovich Shamshin, Pavel Semenovich Sorokin, Evgeni Kirillovich Makarov in their works of the historical genre demonstrate a high technique of execution, observe the strict rules of compositional construction, idealization and elevation of images.

The Odessa Art Museum notes:

The picture "Cossack Mamai" is made in the technique of oil painting.
Works of Georgy Christopher Groot - a court painter of the Elizabeth era, painted the entire color of the Empress's courtyard.
And other works of the XVII - first third of the XIX century

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Association TAE

The Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions introduces visitors to the acute social orientation, vividly expresses the main features of the development of realism in the 1840s-1880s.

Important features of critical realism found their most vivid expression in the work of the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions.

The Odessa Art Museum notes:

"Vessel is glad" - one of the five presented in the exhibition of etchings by Taras Shevchenko, depicts the ancient custom of the Ukrainian people to independently resolve contentious issues. With great warmth, subtlety and knowledge of realities Konstantin Aleksandrovich Trutovsky in his genre picture "Blind Bandurist" creates the image of a vagabond musician, accompanied by a boy-driver.

Among the most significant works of the second half of the XIX century, performed in the genre of the portrait, are the artistically executed "Portrait of MP Shevtsova" by Ilya Repin and "Portrait of MI Gabaevoy" by Nikolai Nikolaevich Ge.

And also other known works.

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Art of the 19th-20th c.

The museum has a large and versatile collection of works by outstanding artists of this era.

In the museum there are more than 80 works by KA Somov: the heartfelt portrait of E. Zvantseva, paintings "Fireworks", "Rainbow", "Magic", illustrations for the "Book of the Marquise", etc.

On the creative orientation of the masters who were members of the Union of Russian Artists (1903-1923), one can draw a picture of MV Nesterov, NK Roerich, SV Ivanov, SA Vinogradov, LO Pasternak, A. Ya. Golovin, landscapes of the Ap. Vasnetsov, NV Dosekin, AI Isupov, and I. I. Brodsky.

The "Knave of Diamonds" Society (1910-1917) is represented by the characteristic still-lifes of P. P. Konchalovsky, I. I. Mashkov, and sketches by N. S. Goncharova.

The Odessa Art Museum notes:

The decoration of the museum's collection at the beginning of the 20th century is the paintings of ZE Serebryakova, BM Kustodiev, KS Petrov-Vodkin, early landscapes of Vladimir Kandinsky, one of the founders of the theory and practice of abstract art.

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DAA

Decorative and applied arts

The artistic creativity of the people is an inexhaustible source of knowledge of history and culture, a vital ground for communication of generations. Weaving and ceramics, carpet weaving and gut glass, drawing and painting, embroidery and carving have long since entered the life of our people, embodying the ideals of perfection and beauty.

The exposition of the hall of decorative and applied art of the Odessa Art Museum presents the most diverse types of folk and professional DPI from the 18th century. and to this day. Each of these species has its regional, technical and artistic features, its history, its rarities, which determine the value of the collection as a whole. Among the exhibits are wonderful examples of woven and embroidered towels and decorative fabrics, products of famous pottery centers of Ukraine and the work of the leading masters of art glass, decorative murals of the masters of the village Petrikovka of the Dnipropetrovsk region, terracotta animals-whistles OG Shiyan, fantastic compositions of the nugget artist with a unique perception of the world M. Priymachenko, pysanka from different regions of Ukraine and many other things that can cause great interest among visitors.

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Gallery "Yellow Giants"

The initiator of creating a gallery for exhibiting non-standard contemporary art in the academic museum was VA. Abramov. The name goes back to the characters of Vasily Kandinsky in the stage composition "Yellow Sound" - giants.

The gallery "Yellow Giants" regularly hosts exhibitions, as well as lectures at the Odessa Art Museum. Entrance to the gallery from the side of the sea and the boulevard Zhvanetsky, in the words of Uta Kilter "around the corner, around the corner, and into the basement"

With upcoming events of the Odessa Art Museum you can find on the official website of the museum.

Odessa Art Museum

! Probably you will be interested:
⇒ Download (PDF) - A guide to the museum (1989)

Odessa Art Museum Contacts

Address: Ukraine, Odessa, st. Sofievskaya 5a

Phone:
+38 (048) 723-72-87
+38 (048) 723-84-62

Official site: ofam.od.ua

Operating mode

From 10:30 to 17:30 (the summer period)
From 10:00 am to 5:00 pm (winter period)
Closed: Tuesday
The cash departments do not work on the last Friday of the month

Ticket price

Ticket: from 30 to 50 UAH. (depending on the exposure)
Excursion: 70 UAH.

Ticket to the grotto: 30 UAH. (with obligatory excursion service 70 UAH per group)
Entrance to the grotto is NOT included in ODESSACARD

The ODESSACARD tourist card includes free admission to the main exposition of the Odessa Art Museum, additional services are paid for separately, including the order of the guide in any languages.

Odessa Art Museum with ODESSACARD